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Facts About Uzbekistan | Uzbekistan Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Uzbekistan - Category: Introduction - Background: Russia conquered Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after World War I was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic set up in 1924. During the Soviet era, intensive production of "white gold" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land poisoned and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry. Independent since 1991, the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on agriculture while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves. Current concerns include terrorism by Islamic militants, economic stagnation, and the curtailment of human rights and democratization.

Category: Government - Administrative divisions: 12 provinces (viloyatlar, singular - viloyat), 1 autonomous republic* (respublika), and 1 city** (shahar); Andijon Viloyati, Buxoro Viloyati, Farg'ona Viloyati, Jizzax Viloyati, Namangan Viloyati, Navoiy Viloyati, Qashqadaryo Viloyati (Qarshi), Qoraqalpog'iston Respublikasi* (Nukus), Samarqand Viloyati, Sirdaryo Viloyati (Guliston), Surxondaryo Viloyati (Termiz), Toshkent Shahri**, Toshkent Viloyati, Xorazm Viloyati (Urganch); note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

Category: People - HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%): less than 0.1% (2001 estimate)

Category: Economy - GDP - per capita (PPP): ,700 (2008 estimate)

Category: Geography - Location: Central Asia, north of Afghanistan

Category: Transportation - Roadways (km): total: 86,496 km; paved: 75,511 km; unpaved: 10,985 km (2000)

Category: Communications - Telephones - main lines in use: 1.821 million (2007)

Category: Military - Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 7,480,484; females age 16-49: 7,542,017 (2008 estimate)

Category: Transnational Issues - Disputes - international: prolonged drought and cotton monoculture in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan creates water-sharing difficulties for Amu Darya river states; field demarcation of the boundaries with Kazakhstan commenced in 2004; border delimitation of 130 km of border with Kyrgyzstan is hampered by serious disputes around enclaves and other areas

Other random facts about Uzbekistan 

  1. Economy - Electricity - production (kWh): 48.79 billion kWh (2007 estimate)

  2. Military - Military service age and obligation (years of age): 18 years of age for compulsory military service; 1-year conscript service obligation; moving toward a professional military, but conscription will continue; the military cannot accommodate everyone who wishes to enlist, and competition for entrance into the military is similar to the competition for admission to universities (2007)

  3. People - Birth rate (births/1,000 population): 17.99 births/1,000 population (2008 estimate)

Find out the facts about H2O here @ Uzbekistan Water

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook